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Mikhail Botvinnik vs Tigran Petrosian 1963

Mikhail Botvinnik was a Russian Grandmaster and 6th World Champion. He won 6 USSR Championships.

He won the 1948 FIDE World Championship Tournament against Smyslov, Keres, Reshevsky and Euwe.

He defended his title against Bronstein in 1951.

He defended his title in 1954 against Smyslov but lost it it to him in 1957. By the rules Botvinnik was granted a rematch and beat Smyslov in 1958.

He repeated this by losing and winning the rematch in 1960 and 1961 against Mikhail Tal, eventually losing his title in 1963 to Tigran Petrosian.

Tigran Petrosian was an Russian Grandmaster and the 9th World Champion. He won the USSR Championship 4 times and attained 3 candidate tournaments. He gained the right to play Mikhail Botvinnik for World Championship in 1963 and hold it for 6 years.

He gained the nickname of “Iron Tigran” because of his great defensive and prophylactic style.


This is game 18 of the mentioned 1963 World Championship. Petrosian plays a positional masterpiece, prohibiting Botvinnik of ever gaining initiative.

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