Garry Kasparov is an Russian Grandmaster born in 1963 and 12th World Champion. He learned the rules of chess when he was 5 years old. Quickly rising through the ranks he tied for first in the USSR Championship in 1981 and 1982.
Entering his first Candidates Tournament when he was 19, he beat Beliavsky, Korchnoi and Smyslov to challenge Anatoly Karpov for the World Championship.
Their first matched played under the rules first to 6 points with draws not counting was aborted after 48 games and a 5-3 lead for Karpov.
In the 1985 rematch Kasparov edged out Karpov 13-11 with a Black win in the 24th game.
In two rematches he defended his title narrowly with 12,5 to 11,5 and a 12 to 12 tie in which case he retained the title as the defending champion.
He defended his title against Short and Anand to eventually lose it 2000 against his former pupil Vladimir Kramnik.
He is considerd one of the best Chess players of all times.
Anatoli Karpov is a Russian Grandmaster and the 11th World Champion.
He gained the title of World Champion when he won the candidate cycle in 1974 and Bobby Fischer resigned his title.
Determined to prove himself as a worthy Champion he participated in all strong tournaments for the next 10 years.
In his first 2 title defenses he faced Korchnoi and beat him closely in the first in 1978(+6 -5 =21) and decisively in the “Massacre in Merano” in 1981 (+6 -2 =10).
He lost his title in 1985 to Kasparov and narrowly lost the next 3 rematches.
His style is described as positional and calm.
This is the most famous game of the 1990 World Championship. In a complicated position Kasparov builds a strong attack and a fine knight sacrifice busts the black king white open with a mate to follow shortly.
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